May 2005

NewsNotes is a monthly email update of goings-on at EPS. In it you will find information on current projects, announcements of upcoming events and publications, and an action corner. We would like to include information on what our members are doing. If you would like to submit information about an event or publication that you are involved with, please send an email to (The fine print - we reserve the right to edit submissions for space or content.)

In This Issue (click on a button or heading to jump to that section)
EPS News
In Other News
Food for Thought
Funding Opportunities
EPS Publications
Action Corner
Upcoming Events
How Can I Help?
EPS News

Congratulations to EPS Trustee Amartya Sen on being awarded the Tagore Peace Award of the Asiatic Society for 2004, in recognition of his creative contribution to the development of human understanding towards global peace. Society sources said Sen had worked for promotion of global peace based on the lofty ideals of humanism of Rabindranath Tagore.


As part of the events surrounding the NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) Review conference at the UN, EPS will be hosting a session on Missile Defense, Space and the NPT, May 24th from 1:15pm - 2:45pm. Richard Kaufman, EPS Vice-chair and lead investigator on The Full Costs of Ballistic Missile Defense, will head a panel on the costs of missile defense and related problems concerning the weaponization of space. Nancy Gallagher and Jeffrey Lewis, both of the Center for International and Security Studies at the University of Maryland, will be discussants.

General information about the NPT Review Conference program can be found at


The 9th Annual Conference on Economics and Security, sponsored by EPS-UK, the Arms Production and Trade Group, the University of the West of England and University of Bristol will be June 23 - 25, 2005. Session topics include:
  • European Security
  • Economics of the Revolution in Military Affairs
  • Globalization and the restructuring of the MIC
  • Militarism and development
  • Economics of conflict and post-conflict reconstruction

Registration information is now available at

Call for Papers: There are still some slots for presenters left so if you are interested please send a title and abstract as soon as possible and before June 3, 2005. For a list of papers see


Robert S. MacNamara, EPS Trustee and former US Secretary of Defense, speaks eloquently and frequently on the need for nuclear disarmament. Recently in Foreign Policy, he called again for the elimination of this weapon system in which the vulnerability to human failing could result in annihilation. The article, Apocalypse Soon, takes the opportunity to explain why the Kennedy and Johnson administrations could not get out of the arms race, and says, "At the risk of appearing simplistic and provocative, I would characterize current US nuclear weapons policy as immoral, illegal, militarily unnecessary, and dreadfully dangerous.

"...[It is a] fundamentally flawed assumption that nuclear weapons could be used in some limited way. There is no way to effectively contain a nuclear strike—to keep it from inflicting enormous destruction on civilian life and property, and there is no guarantee against unlimited escalation once the first nuclear strike occurs. We cannot avoid the serious and unacceptable risk of nuclear war until we recognize these facts and base our military plans and policies upon this recognition."

You can read the entire article at


Newton Bowles, EPS member, and Canadian diplomat to the UN since 1945, has recently published a book entitled The Diplomacy of Hope: The United Nations Since the Cold War. The book explores how the UN works, or doesn't, and traces the genesis of the current major concerns facing the UN back to the early days when the organization was young. It is a people's history, aware of weaknesses, but also a witness to the UN's extraordinary success in a turbulent world.

The book can be purchased through the publisher, I. B. Tauris & Co., at

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FAST International is an independent early warning program covering 20 countries/regions in Africa, Europe and Asia. The objective of FAST International is the early recognition of impending or potential crisis situations in order to prevent violent conflict. FAST International aims at enhancing political decision makers' and their staff's ability to identify critical developments in a timely manner so that coherent political strategies can be formulated either to prevent or to limit destructive effects of violent conflicts, or identify windows of opportunity for peacebuilding.

FAST is a program of SwissPeace. They recently released a new report on the state of security in the former Soviet state of Georgia.

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In Other News

On May 10th, Foreign Policy in Focus and the Center for Defense Information released this year's Unified Security Budget (USB). This detailed report outlines an integrated approach to security budgeting that would provide a more appropriate balance between military and nonmilitary security tools. The USB report, endorsed by a task force of 14 leading defense and foreign policy experts (which includes many of EPS's Security Policy Working Group colleagues), recommends $53.1 billion in military spending cuts and $40.5 billion in spending increases for diplomacy, international affairs and homeland security operations. Such a re-balancing, the task force argues, would make Americans and the world safer, and would represent a more appropriate and effective use of funding and resources for today's global threats and concerns.

Download the report at:

Writing for, Miriam Pemberton, one of the principle authors of the USB, states the Bush Administrations Defense Budget is the Wrong Bang For The Buck. "The federal budget 'process' — that sausage- making you don’t want to see up close — is well underway. Providing for the common defense is job one, both constitutionally speaking and in the security-conscious minds of post-9/11 Americans. So when in the process did the broad discussion take place on how best to do that job? The answer is, it didn’t."
Read the article at:


The Project on Defense Alternatives has just completed a new report on the Iraq insurgency: Vicious Circle: The Dynamics of Occupation and Resistance in Iraq; Part One, Patterns of Popular Discontent.

Executive Summary:
Full Report:
350 word essay:

Brief description: An analysis of Iraqi public opinion data and journalist interviews with Iraqis suggests that coalition military activity is contributing substantially to anti-coalition sentiments. A "vicious circle" is indicated, whereby counter-insurgent operations create support for the insurgency. The report tracks coalition military activity and relates it to Iraqi discontent and insurgent activity. Differences among Iraqi communities are also assessed. The genesis of the Sunni insurgency is traced to several incidents in summer 2003.


The Empire Has No Clothes: US Foreign Policy Exposed, a new book by Evan Eland, argues that US military interventionism harms the interest of Americans politically, economically and militarily. His thesis is that the US, and probably the world, would be more free, secure and prosperous if the US government reduced its military involvement overseas, and that Americans have ignored the economic, political and security costs of the burgeoning US empire at great peril.

The book is published by the Independent Institute, and can be purchased online at


The world's first global treaty on firearms has come into force. The UN Firearms Protocol will now take effect as a legally binding instrument, since Poland and Zambia became the 40th and 41st countries to ratify it. The Protocol commits UN Member States to regulate the manufacture, export, import and transit of firearms. It also requires firearms to be marked and records to be kept for 10 years, and encourages - but does not require - the regulation of arms brokers. Antonio Maria Costa, Director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, commented: 'Along with the other States who have ratified this Protocol, Zambia is sending a powerful message to criminal gangs and gunrunners around the world - Your time is up!' The Protocol is a supplement to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. To see whether your government has ratified the Protocol, visit


How is the United States doing in the fight against terrorism? Unfortunately, you'll no longer be able to answer this question by consulting the State Department's annual "Patterns of Terrorism" report. The report is being discontinued -- for political reasons, according to an article by Ivan Eland, Evidence that the US May Be Losing the Global War on Terror.

"About 625 terrorist attacks worldwide occurred in 2004 -- the largest number since 1985. But because that number is hard to reconcile with the claim that the US is winning the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT), officials high up at the State Department have pressured analysts at the National Counterterrorism Center to downsize their numbers by adopting a different methodology, according to Larry Johnson, a former CIA analyst and State Department terrorism expert. The analysts have stood tall in the presence of strong political pressure, however, so State Department leaders thought it best simply to discontinue the publication of the report."

This article is also available in Spanish at


US Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff said April 29 that his department wants to improve its implementation of a 2002 law meant to speed development and availability of anti-WMD and other antiterrorism technology. The Support Antiterrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies (SAFETY) Act was intended to spur development by limiting companies’ liability against lawsuits related to antiterrorism products’ use. However, the program has been dogged by complaints that the application process is too onerous and the Homeland Security Department is too slow to approve eligible products for the act’s protections.


Jonathan Schell, of The Nation and, writes about the Nuclear Renaissance. "As is true of so many adversaries, the nuclear haves and have-nots share more in common with each other than with other nations: They both want nuclear weapons."


Call for Papers: the Eastern Economic Association is soliciting papers for its February 24-26, 2006 meetings, to be held in Philadelphia. Deadline for submission is November 4, 2005. Submission forms and other conference information is at


Securing the Bomb 2005: The New Global Imperatives, the fourth report in an annual series prepared by Managing the Atom and commissioned by the Nuclear Threat Initiative:

  • highlights continuing indicators that terrorists are seeking nuclear weapons and materials to make them, and that some nuclear stockpiles are dangerously insecure;
  • updates previous assessments of progress in securing, consolidating, and eliminating nuclear stockpiles; and
  • provides a detailed set of actionable recommendations focused on accelerating and strengthening efforts to secure nuclear stockpiles around the world.

The full text of the report is available at:

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Food for Thought

Mother's Day was founded as a call for women to organize a peace movement, in the wake of the Civil War. Here is Julia Ward Howe's original Mother's Day Proclamation from 1870:

Arise then...women of this day!
Arise, all women who have hearts!
Whether your baptism be of water or of tears!
Say firmly:
"We will not have questions answered by irrelevant agencies,
Our husbands will not come to us, reeking with carnage,
For caresses and applause.
Our sons shall not be taken from us to unlearn
All that we have been able to teach them of charity, mercy and patience.
We, the women of one country,
Will be too tender of those of another country
To allow our sons to be trained to injure theirs."

From the voice of a devastated Earth a voice goes up with
Our own. It says: "Disarm! Disarm!
The sword of murder is not the balance of justice."
Blood does not wipe our dishonor,
Nor violence indicate possession.
As men have often forsaken the plough and the anvil
At the summons of war,
Let women now leave all that may be left of home
For a great and earnest day of counsel.
Let them meet first, as women, to bewail and commemorate the dead.
Let them solemnly take counsel with each other as to the means
Whereby the great human family can live in peace...
Each bearing after his own time the sacred impress, not of Caesar,
But of God -
In the name of womanhood and humanity, I earnestly ask
That a general congress of women without limit of nationality,
May be appointed and held at someplace deemed most convenient
And the earliest period consistent with its objects,
To promote the alliance of the different nationalities,
The amicable settlement of international questions,
The great and general interests of peace.

The Prospects for Democracy in High-Violence Societies by James L. Payne wonders: "Wishful nation-builders assume that democracy can be established anywhere, whereas their scholarly opponents put forth a long list of prerequisites that must be met before democracy can take root and survive on new soil. But perhaps non-democracies lack only one essential characteristic: a shared commitment to avoid resorting to domestic political violence."

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Funding and Employment Opportunities

Global Development Network (GDN) is currently accepting submissions for the Sixth Annual Awards Competition, the theme for which is Institutions and Development: At the Nexus of Global Change. The competition carries prizes in cash and travel of over $300,000.


The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) PeaceWomen Project seeks two full-time project associates for the UN Office in New York City, USA.

The PeaceWomen Project monitors and works toward rapid and full implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution (SCR) 1325 on women, peace and security. To these ends: PeaceWomen hosts, a website that provides accurate and timely information on women, peace and security issues and women's peace-building initiatives in areas of armed conflict; PeaceWomen works to facilitate communication among and mobilization of advocates and supporters in civil society, the UN system and governments working on women, peace and security issues; and PeaceWomen advocates for the integration of gender analysis in the governance, peace and security work of civil society actors, the UN system, and governmental bodies.

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) is the oldest women's peace organization in the world. It is an international Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) with National Sections in 37 countries, an International Secretariat in Geneva, and a UN Office in New York City. Its aims and principles are: to bring together women of different political beliefs and philosophies who are united in their determination to study, make known and help abolish the causes and the legitimization of war; to work toward world peace; total and universal disarmament; the abolition of violence and coercion in the settlement of conflict and its replacement in every case by negotiation and conciliation; to support the civil society to democratize the United Nations system; to support the continuous development and implementation of international and humanitarian law; to promote political and social equality and economic equity; to contribute towards cooperation among all people; and to enhance environmentally sustainable development. For more information about WILPF, visit:

Project Associate’s responsibilities include development and maintenance of website; a biweekly newsletter; coordinating and networking with other NGO representatives, UN staff and governmental representatives to actively pursue the implementation of SCR 1325; and organizing outreach presentations.

Applications deadline is June 13, 2005. Submit a resume, a statement of intent (1-2 pages), contact information for two references, and a brief academic or work-related writing sample on a theme related to women, peace and security to:

Mary Ann McGivern, Director
777 UN Plaza, 6th floor
New York, NY 10017
Fax: (212) 286-8211
No phone calls, please.

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EPS Publications

Military vs. Social Spending: Warfare or Human Welfare. This two-sided fact sheet compares US and global military spending with the costs of achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals in an accessible, graphic format. The fact sheet, which was compiled and designed by former Project Manager, Paul Burkholder, is available in PDF format at


The ECAAR Review 2003: Conflict or Development? This edition has a regional focus on Africa, the site of most of the world's current armed conflicts. In its pages some of the leading economists of the day analyze and reflect on the relationships among military spending, domestic and foreign policy, security, and human welfare. Features include country studies, sections on business and conflict, and "Trends in World Military Expenditure." Written in clear English, with informative maps, tables, and graphs, the series is designed to inform the debate among policymakers, activists, journalists, academics, students, and citizens worldwide.

You can order the Review by emailing

We believe the Review can be a valuable teaching tool in economics, political science, and international relations courses. If you are interested in teaching this book, please contact Thea Harvey ( for a copy to review.


The Full Cost of Ballistic Missile Defense. The study estimates that the total life cycle cost for a layered missile defense system could reach $1.2 trillion through 2035. You can order a copy of the report from the cosponsor of the study,, or download the PDF file from
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Action Corner

Want to keep up with what your representatives in Congress are doing? Each week (that Congress is in session), MegaVote delivers to your inbox:

  • Key votes by your two Senators and US Representative.
  • Links to send e-mail to your members of Congress using pre-addressed forms.
  • Upcoming votes for your review and links to offer e-mail input before they vote.

Sign up at:


Here is an unusual opportunity to ask your Representatives to de-fund a specific, unnecessary, expensive piece of military hardware. The C-130J aircraft is plagued with problems. This week, the New York Times editorialized that the plane "costs $66.5 million a copy but cannot airlift troops and equipment into combat areas, cannot be used in search-and-rescue missions and does not operate well in bad weather." The Dept. of Defense has cancelled the program, but lobbyists have been pressing the Senate and the House to continue funding the program. By filling in this simple form you can tell your members of Congress to vote against funding the C-130J.


One of the important tenets of EPS's mission statement is "to promote collective approaches to conflict and security problems; to encourage the submission of international disputes to negotiation, arbitration, or judicial settlement, through the United Nations or other multinational institutions for the settlement of controversies." President Bush's nominee for US Ambassador to the UN appears not to support these same goals. John Bolton has consistently shown contempt for international cooperation.

An open letter from 67 former US diplomats, State Department officials or officials of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency states, "John Bolton has the professional background needed for this position. But his past activities and statements indicate conclusively that he is the wrong man for this position... John Bolton has an exceptional record of opposition to efforts to enhance US security through arms control. He led a campaign against ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty... John Bolton’s insistence that the UN is valuable only when it directly serves the United States, and that the most effective Security Council would be one where the US is the only permanent member, will not help him to negotiate with representatives of the remaining 96% of humanity at a time when the UN is actively considering enlargement of the Security Council and steps to deal more effectively with failed states and to enhance the UN’s peacekeeping capability." See the entire text of the letter at

In a highly unusual move, the Senate Foreign Relations committee sent Mr. Bolton's nomination to the Senate floor for a vote, but without a recommendation. If you are convinced that the confirmation of Mr. Bolton would be disastrous for US security and international cooperation efforts, please contact your Senators and tell them so. More information is available at You can contact your Senator through at


IANSA (the International Action Network on Small Arms) member Viva Rio is developing a human security website with content in English, Spanish and Portuguese. They would like your input on the website - answer 10 questions online and you could win a prize. The winners will be informed by email on May 31st. Take part in the development of this important new human security resource! Click here to respond to the questionnaire:


Anyone who would be willing to put an EPS flyer up on a departmental bulletin board or similar venue, please contact Thea Harvey at
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Upcoming Events

May 18 - July 16, 2004. New York University's Center for Global Affairs offers noncredit courses, open to the public. Courses can be taken as electives in the Certificates in Non-Governmental Organizations or International Affairs, or for personal enrichment. For more information on the Center for Global Affairs, please call (212) 992-8374. Cost is $480 per course. Space is limited!

Political Economy of Development will run Tuesdays, from 6:20pm - 8:25pm and will examine the various issues and problems associated with economic growth and development from both classical and Marxist perspectives. Students look at case studies from East Asia and Latin America; explore the challenges posed by economies in transition in central and eastern Europe; and consider the experiences of industrial countries with specific reference to their less developed regions. In particular, the class tries to decipher the conditions that allow for economic growth and seeks to understand the relationship between economic growth and human development. Course Number: X12.9104.

Winning the Peace: An Operational Perspective is offered Wednesdays from 6:45pm - 8:50pm. In the controversy surrounding US involvement in Afghanistan and Iraq, some clear lessons have emerged - most notably, that winning the peace is at least as important as winning the war. From regime change, peace enforcement, and peacekeeping to peace-building operations, once an international intervention has occurred, how is peace actually won? What must the US understand to make this transition? What should the goals and objectives be? Survey the essential components of winning the peace and gain the tools to analyze critically the ways and means, with emphasis on the practitioner's perspective. Course Number: X12.9238.

Globalization: Myths and Reality, Wednesdays, 6:20pm - 8:25pm. Globalization is a powerful and controversial phenomenon that shapes and influences the global political economy. While some regard it as a threat, others see it as an opportunity. To what extent are some of the major ills of the contemporary world such as poverty, environmental pollution, cultural degradation, or dilution of national sovereignty attributable to globalization? Are there ways to maximize its benefits while offsetting the costs? This course seeks to integrate debates about globalization and development by examining the nature of development, the impact of globalization on the quality of life, and the interplay between global and national actors and institutions. Course Number: X12.9234.


May 20, 2005. The Study Group on the Economics of Security in the Post-9/11 World has been canceled. The group will resume in September. Watch this space for more information.


May 23, 2005. Lecture and Discussion sponsored by the Division of International Studies of the Woodrow Wilson Center, the RAND Corporation, and the US Army's Eisenhower National Security Series: "New" vs. "Old" Terrorism, featuring Martha Crenshaw, Professor of Government, Wesleyan University, from 4:00pm to 5:30pm (with a reception to follow) in the Flom Auditorium, 6th floor, Woodrow Wilson Center, in the Ronald Reagan Building at 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC. Please bring photo ID and allow time for the security checkpoint.

Please RSVP (acceptances only) by e-mail to


June 1-3, 2005. Take Back America 2005 conference, in Washington, DC. John Kenneth Galbraith will receive the America's Future Lifetime Achievement Award at the Gala dinner, and Richard Parker will be signing his biography of Dr. Galbraith during the conference. Speakers to include Howard Dean, Arianna Huffington, Eli Pariser, Sen. John Edwards, Rob Reiner, Jesse Jackson and many others. More info at


June 9 - 14, 2005. Women In International Security 2005 Summer Symposium for Graduate Students in International Affairs, Washington, DC, US.


June 13-17, 2005. Northern Ireland. The Initiative on Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity summer school is offering five courses:

  • The Management of Peace Processes
  • Track Two Diplomacy and Integrated Peacebuilding
  • Evaluation and Impact Assessment of Peacebuilding Programs
  • Gender, Conflict and Education
  • EU Policies and Activities in Peacebuilding, Crisis Management and Resolution


June 23 - 25, 2005. 9th Annual Conference on Economics and Security, sponsored by EPS-UK, the Arms Production and Trade Group, the University of the West of England and University of Bristol. Session topics include:
  • European Security
  • Economics of the Revolution in Military Affairs
  • Globalization and the Restructuring of the MIC
  • Militarism and Development
  • Economics of Conflict and Post-conflict Reconstruction

To contribute a paper, send title and abstract before June 3rd to For more information, see .


June 27 - July 1, 2005. Week I of the Peacebuilding and Development Summer Institute 2005 at American University, Washington, DC. Course 1: Religion & Culture in Conflict Resolution; Course 2: Applied Conflict Analysis and Resolution; Course 3: Political Negotiation in Latin America. The Peacebuilding and Development Institute provides knowledge, practical experience and skills for scholars and practitioners involved in conflict resolution, peacebuilding, humanitarian assistance and development.


July 5 - July 9, 2005. Week II of the Peacebuilding and Development Summer Institute 2005 at American University, Washington, DC. Course 1: Training for Trainers in Peacebuilding & Development; Course 2: Development in Conflict: Practical Approaches to Recovery; Course 3:Bridging Human Rights with Conflict Resolution
& Development; Course 4: Media and Peacebuilding: Concepts, Actors and Challenges. The Peacebuilding and Development Institute provides knowledge, practical experience and skills for scholars and practitioners involved in conflict resolution, peacebuilding, humanitarian assistance and development.


July 11 - July 15, 2005. Week III of the Peacebuilding and Development Summer Institute 2005 at American University, Washington, DC. Course 1: Arts Approaches to Peacebuilding & Development; Course 2: Positive Approaches to Peacebuilding & Development; Course 3: Islam and the West: Strategies for Peace; Course 4: Design, Monitoring and Evaluation for Peacebuilding and Conflict Sensitive Development. The Peacebuilding and Development Institute provides knowledge, practical experience and skills for scholars and practitioners involved in conflict resolution, peacebuilding, humanitarian assistance and development.


July 16 - August 6, 2005. The Alliance for Conflict Transformation (ACT) Summer Institute on Peacebuilding and Conflict Resolution in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Applications now being accepted for this 3-week intensive course for English speaking professionals, graduate and upper-level undergraduate students. College credits are available.


August 15-21, 2005. Think Outside the Bomb, a national youth conference on nuclear issues presented by the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation in Santa Barbara, California. More info at:


September 8-9, 2005. The second meeting of the European Network on the Economics of the Firm (ENEF), with the special theme: "Creativity, Novelty, Entrepreneurship and the Theory of the Firm" at ERIM, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands. Deadline for registration is July 1st. Email to register.


November 10 - 12, 2005. European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy (EAEPE) presents its annual conference in Bremen, Germany. The theme of the conference is A New Deal for the New Economy? Global and Local Developments, and New Institutional Arrangements. The conference will include a Joint EAEPE-ECAAR Session entitled, The Economics of War and Peace, (Dis-)Armament, and Arms Conversion, organised by the European ECAAR/EPS affiliates, in conjunction with EPS-US and EAEPE. For further information please visit the EAEPE website ( or or contact the local organizers: Wolfram Elsner at and Rebecca Schmitt at


November 11 - 12, 2005. International Conference on Conflict and Sustainable Peace in East and Southeast Asia, University of Western Sydney, Australia. For details, contact Professor Manas Chatterji by phone (607) 777-2475 or e-mail


December 9-10, 2005. Guns and Butter – The Economic Causes and Consequences of Conflict conference in Munich, Germany presented by The CESifo Group, consisting of the Center for Economic Studies (CES), the Ifo Institute for Economic Research .

Call for Papers at:

More conference information at:,34737&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL You have to scroll down a bit to see the listing for this conference.


December 28 - 30, 2005. Second International Conference on Conflict and Peace in South Asia, Jaipur, India. For details, contact Professor Manas Chatterji by phone (607) 777-2475 or e-mail


January 12 - 14, 2006. Second International Meeting on Disaster Management, Colombo, Sri Lanka. For details, contact Professor Manas Chatterji by phone (607) 777-2475 or e-mail


February 24-26, 2006. The Eastern Economic Association annual meetings in Philadelphia, PA. Deadline for submission of papers is November 4, 2005. Submission forms and other conference information is at
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How Can I Help?

If you are considering buying a book online, please take a look at ( They have tens of thousands of titles available at a discount to you, and EPS/ECAAR receives twenty percent of your purchase price. After you check out, a pop up window will ask for information about the organization to which you wish your donation to go. Enter Organizational Account # 32 and "Economists Allied for Arms Reduction" in the organization field, and your purchase will be credited to our account.


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If you have enjoyed this issue of EPS NewsNotes, or if you wish to support our mission, please consider making a donation to EPS. You can do so securely online through our website or by sending a check to:

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